GIS Needs Assessment
It is generally agreed today that a geographic information system (GIS) is a system intended to catch, store, control, examine, oversee, and display a wide range of spatial or topographical information. Current GIS innovations use digital data, for which different digitized information creation techniques are utilized.
Stakeholders are the individuals who might be influenced by or affect an effort. They might likewise include individuals who have a solid enthusiasm for the exertion for scholastic, philosophical, or political reasons, despite the fact that they and their families, companions, and partners are not specifically influenced by it. One way to characterize stakeholders is by their relationship to the effort in question.
The more stakeholders remain to advantage or lose by it, the more grounded their advantage is prone to be. The more intensely included they are in the exertion or association, the more grounded their enthusiasm too. Stakeholders’ interests can be numerous: economics, social change, work, time, environment, physical health, safety and security and mental health. In our case, the survey was sent to 126 recipients. Among them, there were GIS professionals, administrators in the local jurisdictions and other regional organizations. Generally, there were 64 participants.
According to the Regional GIS needs assessment survey results the current state of the client’s GIS is the following. 94% of respondents said that their organizations use GIS. In most cases they use, in the first place, ESRI/ArcGIS software, at the second place – AutoCAD, and finally – Intergraph, Maptitude, and Smallworld software. The organizations utilize GIS because they have some reasons. They anticipate using mobile technology, using web technology, more data inventory, more data analysis and get more training. More often people from two to five use GIS doing following activities: mapping (100%), analysis (68%), inventory (68%), and other (13%). However, there were only four organizations who responded as not current users. All of them expressed their interest in using GIS for mapping, inventory and analysis.
The aim of the survey is to recognize how GIS is utilized in the Miami Region and better comprehend different requirements that exist in the neighborhood and territorial level. GIS information represents real objects, for example, streets, land use, rise, trees, conduits) with computerized information deciding the blend. Such data as parcel/land, asset/inventory, public works, zoning, utility, parks/open space, and socioeconomic data are maintained on a regular basis. Conversely, there is information which is needed but is absent.
According to the subject there are utility data, for example: water, sanitary sewer, oil and gas, electric, and cable; transportation data, especially, sidewalks, street addresses, bike routes, and transit routes; asset data, notably, a point of interest and community assets; census demographic data and others. According to the geography, there is regional data. Finally, it is impossible to miss 3D data.
The most requested GIS data from the public are Parcel/Land data (72%) and Zoning data (55%). Besides, some geographic information cannot be provided, specifically zoning at the township level, utility information and socioeconomic information at the Community and Sub-Community levels. The requested data is provided in most cases through Email, then downloading from the website, CD-ROM and through the website.
It would be unfair not to mention mapping applications on the website. In most cases organization does not provide maps on the website. If it happens, parcel/land data, parks/open space data, and zoning data are provided through the mapping applications on the website. We cannot forget that the organization is interested in other mapping applications including a business directory, parks, tableau, in addition, emergency management information, as well as infrastructure and future land use.
To draw the conclusion, one can say that this study gives a necessities examination and usage structure for improving innovation technology valuable to Miami Valley Region. They create geographic information system (GIS) capacities to advance present and future managerial and arranging activities and incorporate these all the more viable with developing geospatial administrations and information assets.
Read through one of the following example of a GIS needs assessment. Summarize the following in 1-2 paragraphs: Who are the stakeholders? What is the current state of the client’s GIS? How were the needs assessments performed?