Sample Essay - Sociology - Youth and Delinquency
Sociology Essay Sample
Paper Details: Describe how gender roles are significant in shaping behavior especially delinquency. Forward a thoughtful explanation of how gender role socialization may account for the gap in male and female rates of delinquency? Provide three examples of how gender socialization would directly impact gender differences in delinquency. Finally, describe some of the limitations of using only a gender role socialization perspective as an explanation for gender differences in delinquency (i.e. what is missed by only using this perspective?).
Delinquent behaviors can happen in any social group and under the number of different circumstances. There are some groups of special risk, when we consider individual and social behaviors of the members of some social layers and groups. Youth is the part of the society, which is the most vulnerable to and the most often noticed in delinquent behavior. This problem has existed since the most of world societies had left the traditional sets of values behind. The main reason for juvenile delinquency is the freedom young people get when they grow older and the absence of simple social skills.
If considered as a social phenomenon, juvenile delinquency has the whole set of reasons inner processes and rates. The latest research shows that a delinquent behavior is more the characteristic of male social groups than female. This can be explained by several simple reasons. First of all, most of the world has lived in patriarchal social order for centuries. Men are subconsciously considered to be the leaders and have more inclination for aggressive behaviors. The second factor is constant competition in male social groups. This characteristic exists on the level of instincts. Considering this reasons, one can easily explain some examples of delinquency in different gender social groups. The root of any inappropriate behavior is in aggression. It is very often applied in male groups in the course of competition for leadership. The second sample of typical delinquent behavior is the competition for the attention of the opposite sex. This kind of delinquency can be the characteristic of both male and female social groups. The third type of delinquency happens when young men make an attempt to separate from older generation. It is often accompanied with family conflicts (Shover, Thornton & Williams, 165-170)
Though the sex factor explains much about the juvenile delinquency, it would be wrong to judge about the problem from only this perspective. Due to the recent tendencies toward the social equality of sexes, the borders between men and women merge and delinquent behavior becomes typical for both sexes. That is why sociologists and psychologists have to search for new ways to view the problem of juvenile delinquency. They have to consider social, historic, racial and other background that influences the formation of identities.
Shover, Neal; James, Jennifer; Thornton, Williams (2011). "Gender Roles and Delinquency". Social Forces 58 (1): 162–175.