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20 Best Essay Topics For World History Class

Writing a paper for your world history class is a demonstration of your knowledge on a one of the most precise disciplines - history. Whether it is a research paper or your personal presentation of specific events from the world history class, it is always good to come up with an interesting topic for your paper. Use one of the topics below for your essay. We specifically gathered them in one place as we consider these topics to be one of the most successful for the world history class in particular, as all the events mentioned in these topics played a significant role. 

World History

1. There will be a question concerning Islam, its features, how it differs from Christianity, the reasons for its rapid expansion and how it was governed, including treatment of non-Muslims. 

2. There will be a question concerning the operation and development of feudalism, and the relation of central governments and nobles during the Early and High Middle Ages. 

3. There will be a question on the Crusades, their reasons and effects on European society and culture, and relations between Muslims and Christians. 

4. There will be a question concerning the High Middle Ages (the period from  1100 to  1300).

5. There will be a question concerning “The Calamitous Fourteenth Century” ( 1300-1450). Did any of the “calamities” have a silver lining?

6. There will be a question concerning political conflicts between the Church and the temporal rulers (kings and emperors) before 1500. 

7. There will be a question concerning the Reformation, its causes, and what regions were Protestant or Catholic by 1648.

8. There will be a question concerning absolutism, and how Louis XIV controlled his nobles.

9. There will be a question concerning the Enlightenment and its challenge to long-held beliefs and institutions. 

10. There will be a question asking you to compare the French and Russian revolutions. 

11. There will be a question as to whether nationalism should be considered a positive or negative phenomenon.

12. There will be a question concerning the imperialism of 1870 to 1914, its justifications, and its positive/negative results

13. There will be a question as to why Europe went to war in 1914.

While the immediate trigger cause(s) should be mentioned, your essay should discuss the underlying causes of the First World War.

14. There will be a question concerning how the Great War was fought, and why one side won and the other lost.

15. There will be a question comparing the Soviet Union under Stalin with Nazi Germany; knowledge of their political, economic, and other systems should be shown.

16. There will be a question comparing Napoleon and Hitler and their attempt to conquer Europe. 

17. There will be a question concerning the fighting of World War II and its length. 

18. There will be a question concerning the collapse of communism in 1989 to 1991. 

Be sure to discuss the events of 1989.

19. There will be a question comparing the alliance system of pre-World War I Europe with the concept of Mutually Assured Destruction (M.A.D.) of the Cold War.

20. There will be a question concerning the Age of Discovery and why Spain and Portugal took the lead during the 1400s and 1500s. 


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Sample Essay: The collapse of communism in 1989 to 1991. Be sure to discuss the events of 1989.

The collapse of communism between 1989 and 1991 throughout the region, accompanied by the end of the Soviet Union itself, was a critical change for the political development of the Eastern Europe. By 1989, Gorbachev’s efforts at reform in the Society Union were failing. Perestroika was not followed by spectacular results at a time when most people were expecting a dramatic rise in their quality of life. 

The end of communism was certainly a revolution in the sense that the fundamental social and economic structures of societies were transformed from communist to capitalist. It is only with the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, and the collapse of the Soviet Union itself in 1991, that it became apparent that the communist shadow had been a fragile illusion.

By 1989 several factors converged that made the overthrow of communism possible. Initially, economic problems became more actual, whether measured by overall growth rates or shortages of products. Corruption was one of the problems as well. The collapse of communist governments throughout the region occurred quite quickly, within a matter of months in the second half of 1989. Poland was the leader in formation its own independent country, mostly due to the well-formed civil society centered on Solidarity, whose leader was Lech Walesa (Szczerbiak).

The chain of Soviet Union collapse started with Poland and then spread out to Hungary, when both the government and opposition led numerous reforms and opened the borders with Austria. On November 9, 1989, East Germany government spokesman mistakenly announced that citizens now had the freedom to travel and leave the country. That night all Easy Germans started poring over through the Berlin Wall. Within a year East Germany would cease to exist as a separate state (Szczerbiak). 

Czechoslovakia was another state that abolished communism in 1989, where strikes and protests led to the Velvet Revolution. Bulgarian government also agreed to the new elections. Romanian dictator Nicole Ceausescu was suppressing the protesters with government troops, killing hundreds of protesters. The collapse of communism in Eastern Europe in 1989 was a tremendous turning point on political arena, as it was the end of the Soviet domination and authoritarian rule (McFau and Stoner). 

The second transition of the Society Union collapse took place in 1991, when other states including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Belarus, Russia, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and Ukraine became independent states. Before the failed coup in Moscow in August 1991, neither state nor societal leader in these Soviet republics had pressed aggressively for independence. Gorbachev made a desperate attempts to preserve the Union by drafting a new constitutional charter, that would have maintained the substance of the old imperial arrangement while making some formal concessions to the subject nations, but he was overtaken by the events (McFau and Stoner).. 

The collapse of communism is closely related to the collapse of the USSR, which had two major transitions starting in 1989 and up till December 1991. The formal collapse of the USSR took place in December 1991 as a result of agreement among the heads of state of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. Therefore, literally the collapse of the USSR was directly cause by the nationalities. After the communism officially collapsed with the collapse of the USSR, the countries ex-members followed very different paths, including democratic path, authoritarian, the state breakdown or corrupted political institutions. Works cited

McFaul, Michael, and Kathryn Stoner. After the Collapse of Communism: Comparative Lessons of Transition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 2004. Print.

Szczerbiak, Aleks. Poland Within the European Union: New Awkward Partner or New Heart of Europe? N.p.: Taylor & Francis, 2012. Print. Routledge Advances in European Politics.